Evaluation of the relationship between serum irisin levels and disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis patients
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Original Article
P: 1-6
March 2024

Evaluation of the relationship between serum irisin levels and disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis patients

J Turk Soc Rheumatol 2024;16(1):1-6
1. İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi, Atatürk Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, İç Hastalıkları Kliniği, Romatoloji Bölümü, İzmir, Türkiye
2. Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Tepecik Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, İç Hastalıkları Kliniği, Hematoloji Bölümü, İzmir, Türkiye
3. Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Tıbbi Biyokimya Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
4. Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Biyokimya Anabilim Dalı, Aydın, Türkiye
No information available.
No information available
Received Date: 31.05.2023
Accepted Date: 04.02.2024
Publish Date: 27.03.2024
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ABSTRACT

Objective:

Axial spondyloarthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease primarily affecting the axial skeleton and the sacroiliac joints. In this study, we aimed to assess irisin levels in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), compare them with healthy individuals, and explore the relationship between this adipomiyokine and activity, function, and structural damage in AS.

Methods:

Ninety-seven patients classified as AS according to the modified New York criteria and 48 healthy controls were consecutively enrolled in the study. Serum irisin, interleukin (IL) 6, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) measurements were performed using the ELISA method. Disease activity, functional assessments, and spinal radiographic scoring were conducted. The relationship between laboratory parameters, disease activation, and radiological parameters was evaluated using the Spearman correlation test.

Results:

The age and gender distributions of AS and controls were found to be similar. Smoking was significantly higher in the AS group (p=0.004). No significant difference in serum irisin levels was observed between AS and controls [100.0 (65.9) versus 103.0 (45.5), p=0.997]. However, serum IL-6, hs-CRP, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate averages were significantly higher in the patient group. There was no significant correlation between serum irisin levels in the AS group and inflammatory markers, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional index, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity index, and Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity score CRP scores, while a low to moderate correlation was found with the mSASS score (r: 0.362, p=0.005).

Conclusion:

In this study, we did not find a significant difference in serum irisin levels between healthy controls and AS patients, nor did we observe a significant connection between irisin levels and disease activity.

Keywords: Ankylosing spondylitis, irisin, myokine

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